A car is a wheeled, self-powered motor vehicle used for transportation and a product of the automotive industry. Most definitions of the term specify that cars are. Links to model and resin manufacturers. Photoetch, Decals, Rims, Bodies, Parts, and Hobby Resource Links for everything. Stop relying on only construction cost per square foot. Our patented Resi-Cost estimating software allows real time cost calculation of home building cost as you make.
Car - Wikipedia. A car is a wheeled, self- powered motor vehicle used for transportation and a product of the automotive industry. Most definitions of the term specify that cars are designed to run primarily on roads, to have seating for one to eight people, to typically have four wheels with tyres, and to be constructed principally for the transport of people rather than goods. In that year, German inventor Karl Benz built the Benz Patent- Motorwagen. Cars did not become widely available until the early 2. One of the first cars that was accessible to the masses was the 1. Model T, an American car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company.
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Cars were rapidly adopted in the United States of America, where they replaced animal- drawncarriages and carts, but took much longer to be accepted in Western Europe and other parts of the world. Cars are equipped with controls used for driving, parking, passenger comfort and safety, and controlling a variety of lights. Over the decades, additional features and controls have been added to vehicles, making them progressively more complex. Examples include rear reversing cameras, air conditioning, navigation systems, and in car entertainment.
Most cars in use in the 2. Both fuels cause air pollution and are also blamed for contributing to climate change and global warming. Electric cars, which were invented early in the history of the car, began to become commercially available in 2. There are costs and benefits to car use. The costs of car usage include the cost of: acquiring the vehicle, interest payments (if the car is financed), repairs and auto maintenance, fuel, depreciation, driving time, parking fees, taxes, and insurance. Road traffic accidents are the largest cause of injury- related deaths worldwide.
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The ability for humans to move flexibly from place to place has far- reaching implications for the nature of societies. In turn, these originated from the Gaulish word karros (a Gallicchariot). The Gaulish language was a branch of the Brythoic language which also used the word Karr; the Brythonig language evolved into Welsh (and Gaelic) where 'Car llusg' (a drag cart or sledge) and 'car rhyfel' (war chariot) still survive. It entered the English language from French, and was first adopted by the Automobile Club of Great Britain in 1. It remains a chiefly North American usage.
The word is still used in some compound formations in American English, like . It was a 6. 5- cm- long scale- model toy for the Chinese Emperor that was unable to carry a driver or a passenger. It was unable to maintain sufficient steam pressure for long periods, and was of little practical use. The development of external combustion engines is detailed as part of the history of the car, but often treated separately from the development of true cars. A variety of steam- powered road vehicles were used during the first part of the 1. Sentiment against them led to the Locomotive Acts of 1. In 1. 80. 7, Nic.
Many of his other inventions made the use of the internal combustion engine feasible for powering a vehicle. His first Motorwagen was built in 1. Mannheim, Germany. He was awarded the patent for its invention as of his application on 2. January 1. 88. 6 (under the auspices of his major company, Benz & Cie., which was founded in 1. Benz began promotion of the vehicle on 3 July 1. Benz vehicles were sold between 1.
They also were powered with four- stroke engines of his own design. Emile Roger of France, already producing Benz engines under license, now added the Benz car to his line of products. Because France was more open to the early cars, initially more were built and sold in France through Roger than Benz sold in Germany. In August 1. 88. 8 Bertha Benz, the wife of Karl Benz, undertook the first road trip by car, to prove the road- worthiness of her husband's invention.
Bertha Benz, the first long distance car driver in the world. In 1. 89. 6, Benz designed and patented the first internal- combustion flat engine, called boxermotor. During the last years of the nineteenth century, Benz was the largest car company in the world with 5. Benz & Cie., became a joint- stock company.
The first motor car in central Europe and one of the first factory- made cars in the world, was produced by Czech company Nesselsdorfer Wagenbau (later renamed to Tatra) in 1. Pr. It was a horse- drawn stagecoach built by another manufacturer, which they retrofitted with an engine of their design. By 1. 89. 5 about 3. Daimler and Maybach, either at the Daimler works or in the Hotel Hermann, where they set up shop after disputes with their backers. Benz, Maybach and the Daimler team seem to have been unaware of each other's early work. They never worked together; by the time of the merger of the two companies, Daimler and Maybach were no longer part of DMG.
Daimler died in 1. Maybach designed an engine named Daimler- Mercedes that was placed in a specially ordered model built to specifications set by Emil Jellinek. This was a production of a small number of vehicles for Jellinek to race and market in his country. Two years later, in 1. DMG car was produced and the model was named Mercedes after the Maybach engine, which generated 3.
Maybach quit DMG shortly thereafter and opened a business of his own. Rights to the Daimler brand name were sold to other manufacturers. Karl Benz proposed co- operation between DMG and Benz & Cie. Negotiations between the two companies resumed several years later when these conditions worsened and, in 1.
Agreement of Mutual Interest, valid until the year 2. Both enterprises standardized design, production, purchasing, and sales and they advertised or marketed their car models jointly, although keeping their respective brands. On 2. 8 June 1. 92.
Benz & Cie. Karl Benz remained a member of the board of directors of Daimler- Benz until his death in 1. In 1. 89. 0, . In 1. Auguste Doriot and his Peugeot colleague Louis Rigoulot completed the longest trip by a gasoline- powered vehicle when their self- designed and built Daimler powered Peugeot Type 3 completed 2,1. Valentigney to Paris and Brest and back again.
They were attached to the first Paris. Selden applied for a patent for a car in 1. After a delay of sixteen years and a series of attachments to his application, on 5 November 1. Selden was granted a United States patent (U. S. Patent 5. 49,1.
United States. His patent was challenged by Henry Ford and others, and overturned in 1. In 1. 89. 3, the first running, gasoline- powered American car was built and road- tested by the Duryea brothers of Springfield, Massachusetts.
The first public run of the Duryea Motor Wagon took place on 2. September 1. 89. 3, on Taylor Street in Metro Center Springfield. Lawson in 1. 89. 6, after purchasing the right to use the name of the engines. Lawson's company made its first car in 1.
Daimler. In 1. 89. The assembly line style of mass production and interchangeable parts had been pioneered in the U. S. Only Japan Black would dry fast enough, forcing the company to drop the variety of colors available before 1. Ducolacquer was developed in 1.
This is the source of Ford's apocryphal remark, . The combination of high wages and high efficiency is called . The efficiency gains from the assembly line also coincided with the economic rise of the United States. The assembly line forced workers to work at a certain pace with very repetitive motions which led to more output per worker while other countries were using less productive methods. In the automotive industry, its success was dominating, and quickly spread worldwide seeing the founding of Ford France and Ford Britain in 1.
Ford Denmark 1. 92. Ford Germany 1. 92. Citroen was the first native European manufacturer to adopt the production method. Soon, companies had to have assembly lines, or risk going broke; by 1. Key developments included electric ignition and the electric self- starter (both by Charles Kettering, for the Cadillac Motor Company in 1.